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5 Common Causes of Low Back Pain

April 15, 2024

Are you among the millions of people worldwide who experience low back pain? It's one of the most prevalent musculoskeletal issues, affecting people of all ages and backgrounds. While some cases may be due to specific injuries or medical conditions, many instances of low back pain stem from preventable causes that are often overlooked. Let's delve into five common culprits behind this discomfort and explore how you can address them.

1. Sedentary Behavior

Sitting for prolonged periods without breaks can wreak havoc on your lower back. Whether you're at a desk job or lounging on the couch, maintaining a static posture puts undue stress on the spine and surrounding muscles. Over time, this can lead to muscle imbalances, stiffness, and pain. Incorporating regular movement breaks and stretching sessions into your day can help alleviate this issue. 1

2. Lack of Core Stability

Your core muscles play a crucial role in supporting your spine and maintaining proper posture. When these muscles are weak or neglected, it can lead to imbalances and increased strain on the lower back. Engaging in exercises that target the core, such as planks, bridges, and pilates, can help improve stability and alleviate discomfort. 2

3. Weak Hip Flexors

The hip flexors are a group of muscles that play a crucial role in maintaining proper posture and mobility. Weakness or tightness in these muscles can lead to an anterior pelvic tilt, causing increased stress on the lower back. Incorporating hip flexor stretches and strengthening exercises into your routine can help alleviate this issue and reduce associated discomfort. 3

4. Lack of Glute Activation

Your gluteal muscles, commonly known as the glutes, are essential for pelvic and hip stability. Weak, under-active, or tight glutes can contribute to biomechanical imbalances in the lower body, leading to instability and increased strain on the lower spine. Including exercises like squats, lunges, and hip thrusts can help strengthen and activate the glutes, promoting better alignment and reducing back pain. 4

5. Not Getting Enough Quality Sleep

Sleep plays a crucial role in overall health and well-being, including the management of pain. Research has shown a correlation between poor sleep quality and increased lower back pain. Inadequate sleep can exacerbate inflammation and muscle stiffness, leading to heightened discomfort. Prioritizing good sleep hygiene and establishing a consistent bedtime routine can help improve sleep quality and alleviate back pain. 5


Addressing these common causes of low back pain through lifestyle modifications and targeted exercises can significantly reduce discomfort and improve quality of life. However, if you experience persistent or severe back pain, it's essential to consult with a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment recommendations. Remember, taking proactive steps to care for your spine today can lead to a healthier and more pain-free tomorrow.


1 Harvard Health Publishing: "The dangers of sitting: why sitting is the new smoking" (

2 American Council on Exercise: "Core Training: Evidence Translating to Better Performance and Injury Prevention" (

3 Physiopedia: "Hip Flexors" (

4 National Academy of Sports Medicine: "5 Benefits of Strong Glutes" (

5 National Sleep Foundation: "How Does Pain Affect Sleep?" (

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